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Philippines as a Biofuel Location

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TOP FIVE CROPS...

 

Rank Commodity Production (MT) Footnote

 

1 Sugar Cane... 28,000,000 MT

2 Rice, Paddy... 14,200,000

3 Coconuts...... 13,700,000

4 Bananas......... 5,500,000

5 Maize.............. 5,000,000

 

Source : http://www.fao.org/es/ess/top/country.jsp?...4&yearLyst=2004

 

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COMPARE: .... Sugar Cane Production

Argentina........ 2 Sugar Cane 19,500,000

Australia......... 1 Sugar Cane 36,892,000 #5

Brazil............. 1 Sugar Cane 411,009,984 #1

China............. 5 Sugar Cane 92,000,000 #2

Columbia........ 1 Sugar Cane 37,100,000 #4

Cuba.............. 1 Sugar Cane 24,000,000

Dom.Republic.. 1 Sugar Cane. 5,255,833

Guatemala...... 1 Sugar Cane 18,000,000

Honduras........ 1 Sugar Cane. 5,362,753

Indonesia........ 2 Sugar Cane 24,600,000

Kenya............. 1 Sugar Cane. 4,500,000

Madagascar..... 3 Sugar Cane. 2,236,095

Mauritius......... 1 Sugar Cane. 5,198,698

South Africa.... 1 Sugar Cane 19,291,800

Thailand.......... 1 Sugar Cane 63,707,272 #3

USA................ 5 Sugar Cane 27,501,310

Vietnam.......... 2 Sugar Cane 16,600,000

 

In 2002 agriculture, forestry, and fishing contributed 15 percent of the GDP. About 19 percent of the total land area of the Philippines is arable, or suitable for cultivation. The most important subsistence crops are rice, corn, cassava, and sweet potatoes. Rice paddies and cornfields occupy about half of the arable land of the Philippines. Coconuts are one of the most important cash crops, and the Philippines is one of the world’s leading exporters of coconut products, including coconut oil and copra (dried coconut). Bananas and pineapples are also important commercial crops, both of which are grown on large plantations owned by multinational companies. Other crops include sugarcane, abaca (Manila hemp), coffee, tobacco, and mangoes. Livestock on farms include carabao (water buffalo), cattle, chickens, goats, horses, and hogs. Many farmers are tenants, who rent the land and pay the landowner a share of the crop. Other farmworkers include seasonal migrant laborers.

 

Sugar was the most important agricultural export of the Philippines from the mid-1800s to the mid-1970s. Much of the modernization of the country took place to facilitate the processing and transport of this export crop. For many years, the Philippines had access to a protected and subsidized U.S. market for its sugar. The decline of the sugar industry involved many factors, including the expiration of a U.S. quota system on sugar imports in 1974 followed by a sharp decline in world sugar prices

 

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LINKS:

Phil. Sugar Millers : http://www.psma.com.ph/

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In the Philippines, Sibat (Wellspring of Science and Technology) has a winner with a low-cost turbine powered by falling water to provide electricity.

 

"We started with one turbine in 1995, and now there are 35 electrified villages, or about 5 000 households, in very remote areas," said Victoria Lopez, Sibat executive director. "The key element of success is that there must be a community organization in the village capable of managing and maintaining the system."

 

The "micro-hydro" turbines are manufactured in the Philippines, except for the control system, which is imported. Costing US$10 000, a 5-kilowatt turbine can provide 35 houses with light at night and power small appliances, such as rice mills, sugar-cane pressers and metal- and wood-working tools, during the day. Sibat didn't need a communication strategy to spread the technology -- word-of-mouth created a spontaneous demand for the turbines.

 

"We've been telling our government that money to pay for the turbines and engineers to install them shouldn't be thought of as aid," said Ms Lopez. "People need this infrastructure, and once it's installed, villagers can be more productive."

 

She adds, "Our position is that efforts by local people with the assistance of NGO service providers should be supported, because we use a community-based approach and we provide 100-percent electrification of villages."

 

@: http://www.fao.org/english/newsroom/news/2002/6481-en.html

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Conversion of Negros sugar mills to ethanol plants urged

 

First posted 02:23pm (Mla time) Mar 10, 2006

 

GOVERNMENT must help convert sugar mills in Negros island and other parts of the country into plants for producing ethanol fuel, Senate Minority Leader Aquilino Pimentel Jr. said Friday in a statement.

 

Pimentel, principal author of the Senate version of the Alternative Energy Sources Bill, said sugar planters from Negros Occidental have told him that many sugar mills could be converted into ethanol plants with government assistance at a cost of one million dollars per plant.

 

“The cost of converting an existing sugar mills into ethanol mill is manageable and with political will, it is something that the government can very well afford to guarantee as loans to the sugar mill owners,” he said.

The Senate minority leader cited opinions of energy experts and said that among the substitute indigenous sources of fuel, the increased production of ethanol fuel can be easily done. He said doing so would reduce the country’s dependence on imported oil or fossil fuel whose prices are becoming more expensive.

 

Ethanol fuel is extracted from sugarcane, cassava, or corn.

 

He emphasized that his proposal stands without prejudice to the continuous search for ways to tap the coconut as a source of coco-diesel and other indigenous sources of energy.

 

“Considering the urgent need to transfer to an alternative fuel that can be done expediently and at the soonest possible time, we should consider prioritizing the production of ethanol over other indigenous sources of fuel or fuel additives,” he said.

 

Pimentel also suggested that ethanol be used principally as transport fuel additive.

 

He cited statistics which indicates that the country consumes at least 3.8 billion dollars worth of imported oil and petroleum products annually. Of which, 28 percent is consumed by transport users in the public and private sectors.

 

But, Pimentel said, the shift from fossil fuel to ethanol must be done not in one blow but “incrementally” as Brazil and Thailand are doing.

 

(1 dollar = 51.457 pesos)

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NEWS COLLECTED here:

 

The Philippine Fuel Ethanol Alliance was created in support of the government's intention to establish a bioethanol industry in the country. Producing bioethanol as an alternative fuel or alternative additive to gasoline promises to reduce the country's dependence on imported fuel, abate greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and lessen levels of air toxics, spur economic growth in the countryside, and place the Philippines in the global map as one of the nations who have recognized the comprehensive advantages of bioethanol as fuel.

 

Link: http://www.bioethanol.com.ph/

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CONFERENCE :

1-2 August 2006. Shangri-La Mactan Island , Cebu Island , The Philippines

 

AISC 2006 returns for our 12th annual conference to Cebu, The Philippines to offer the latest views, updates and analysis of sugar – with Asia at the centre of focus.

 

Key Issues to be Analysed by our expert panel of speakers include:

 

+ Global sugar markets and the key influences that will shape the future

+ Impact of Brazil’s sugar economy in the coming years

+ Sugar Price trends and Outlook

+ Updates on ethanol projects across Asia

+ Impact of ethanol on molasses industry

+ Analysis of Ethanol’s Impact on sugar:

+ Ethanol’s impact on sugar prices

+ Will the poor be left behind in the energy age?

+ Regulatory concerns

+ Is there a balance or sustainability issue to be addressed

+ Will sugar production keep up with demand?

+ Asian Sugar Markets and the emerging role for sugar as energy

+ Sugar Demand Analysis: Will Sugar be substituted as price rises?

+ Will Sugar Production keep pace with demand? Who will be the key contributors?

 

Sugar will be analysed within the energy framework to reveal new developments in ethanol and other renewable energy sources to showcase new demand for sugar, as well as new issues and concerns that will dominate the sugar industry in the “energy age”.

 

 

Sugar’s importance to human consumption (human energy) is quickly emerging as a huge opportunity cost in the way of a full-fledged ethanol industry based on sugar. In spite of this, high oil prices have acted as a driver to promote research, development and innovation in the renewable energy sector to the benefit of sugar demand, and a number of other crops.

 

 

With a history of low prices in recent years, sugar exporters are enjoying better prices. The challenge only begins here, as sugar finds its own place within the energy equation and faces up to new questions and decisions for sugar with long-term commercial, social and environmental consequences.

 

+ Is ethanol from sugar and molasses growing in popularity?

+ Are technological options offering better economics for sugar to pursue food and energy ambitions?

+ Where is demand for ethanol and sugar derived from?

+ Are National ethanol programs still relevant in a higher price environment?

+ Is there a need for an initiative for sustainable development? Or will the market decide the future?

+ Will the poor loose out to energy in the “energy age”?

 

Is there a regulatory push to protect sugar on food security grounds

 

@: http://www.ibc-asia.com/AISC/AISCIntro.htm

 

Thai conf.: http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/biofu..._bangkok06.html

Speakers Include:

+ Defining the Path to a Sustainable Environment

Paul Bennett, Fuels Policy Manager, BP Fuels Management Group, UK

+ Market and Customer acceptance of Biofuels in Europe

Andrew Owens, Chief Executive, Greenergy, UK

+ Producing and Importing/Exporting Bioethanol

Graham Stowell, Managing Director, Bronzeoak Group Limited, UK

+ Ethanol Enzymes for Fuel-ethanol Production

Larry Peckous, Principal Scientist, Novozymes North America, USA

+ A Successful Case Study of the Ethanol Market

K. Terabe, Director, Brazil-Japan Ethanol Co. Ltd.,

a joint company of Petrobras and Japan Alcohol Trading

+ Launching a National Ethanol Program

Jose Maria T. Zabaleta, Executive Director, Philippine Sugar Millers Association

(a member of the Philippine Fuel Ethanol Alliance)

+ Potential of Liquid Biofuels for Transport in China and India

Heinz-Peter Mang, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Engineering;

Institute of Energy and Environmental Protection

+ Case Study Cellulosic Ethanol

Prof Li Shizhong, Professor of Bioenergy, Tsinghua University, China

+ The Status of Biorefineries in Asia

Overcoming barriers to deployment of biorefineries

A representative, World Biorefineries

 

Adam Newgreen, Senior Associate, Mallesons Stephen Jaques, Hong Kong

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The Cleantech Venture Network™ LLC is a membership organization bringing insight, opportunities and relationships to investors, entrepreneurs and service providers interested in clean technology. We do this through related information products, advisory and online services, and the Cleantech Venture Forum™ series of events.

 

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@: http://www.greenpowerconferences.com/renew...eantech_06.html

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According to Jack Herer (author of 'The Emperor Wears No Clothes') hemp can save the planet. I guess he means saving us humans and our love of travel as well as the planet.

 

It is once again becoming a popular crop, trials in England were doing well last I heard. Not sure how easily it converts to fuel but the first diesel engine was designed to run on it.

 

During WW2 farmers were encouraged to grow hemp in the USA, now they'll get incarcerated if they attempt to.

 

 

 

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